The term equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) was first introduced by Johnson in 2002 to better define a condition that was previously attributed to hypothyroidism.1, 2 It was assumed that affected horses and ponies suffered from hypothyroidism because they gained weight easily, became obese, and had enlarged adipose tissue deposits in the neck and tailhead regions of … simple: Low-Sugar/Starch grass hay. For horses relying mainly on forage as a large proportion of their diet, these complex carbohydrates provide the majority of their daily calorie intake. However, the presence of laminitis, insulin resistance and obesity, individually or in combination, are often strong indications of Equine Metabolic Syndrome. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Today, she serves as the district commissioner for the Salt River Pony Club. Feed timothy or Bermuda grass hay, beet pulp, or grains such as oats, corn, wheat and barley. Are Your Horses Ready for You to be Quarantined? Journal of Veterinary Medicine: ECEIM consensus statement on equine metabolic syndrome… Because the foundation of any horse’s diet should consist of forage (i.e., hay, legumes, beet pulp, etc. High fat diets have the potential to worsen or create insulin resistance, as shown in a study at Kentucky Equine Research.For obese horses with EMS, intake of nonstructural carbohydrates (NSC) should be controlled, as this can reduce glucose and insulin responses to feeding. The horse evolved without any sources of concentrated carbohydrate in its diet. Grass hay with combined values for Ethanol Soluble Carbohydrates (ESC) and Starch below 10% is the goal for most horses (Frank, ACVIM proceedings 2008). Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Diet modifications should be discussed with your veterinarian and will depend on the individual needs of the horse. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Growing up, she competed in a wide array of disciplines and was an active member of the U.K. Pony Club. Most hays, even with low NSC, still contain a small percentage of simple sugars, and many have some level of more complex sugars, called fructans, as well. | What recommendations do you have for feeding a horse with equine metabolic syndrome (EMS). Thanks for reading and stay tuned for more! Clinicians and horse owners must recognize the presence of these risk factors so that they can be targeted and controlled to reduce the risk of laminitis attacks. In many cases, horses suffer acute and recurrent laminitis as a result of EMS. If feeding untested hay to a horse requiring a low-carb diet, you should soak the hay to wash out some of its water-soluble sugars (soak they for 30-60 minutes if using cold water—any longer than that and other nutrients might be lost). “What? Do not feed a horse with equine metabolic syndrome apples and carrots. !” I hear you say, “But I thought EMS horses couldn’t have starch and sugar.” That is a truer statement, although not completely accurate either. Managing Equine Metabolic Syndrome. Privacy & Terms The disease also raises insulin levels, which can make equine metabolic syndrome worse. Diet and exercise are the key to encouraging weight loss in the majority of horses with Equine Metabolic Syndrome. This is typically achieved by feeding soaked hay with a low-calorie balancer (e.g. Horses with Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS) are characterized by insulin resistance, which is hyperinsulinemia (high insulin) with normal blood glucose concentrations. What is the prognosis for equine metabolic syndrome? Equine pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction is another endocrine disease, previously known as Cushing’s disease. The most important of these risk factors is insulin dysregulation (ID). Purina Animal Nutrition LLC. The disease is induced by a combination of dietary and management factors. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS) is a chronic condition caused by diet and lifestyle. Let me explain. The prognosis for horses with EMS varies from horse to horse. It’s important, therefore, to supplement for these missing pieces. The only way to know for sure is to test the hay at a lab, which is a relatively inexpensive (about $30 depending on the lab). Stay up-to-date on the latest news about your horse's health with FREE newsletters from TheHorse.com. These supplements don’t offer much protein but typically have added essential amino acids. Stay on top of the most recent Horse Health news with, This is a great horse. Now, I know you are probably completely confused! Laminitis is the local manifestation of a severe metabolic … Tests performed need to at least determine the forage’s carbohydrate profile; but it’s also worth having the forage’s mineral and protein levels checked as well. These feeds have a small 1- to 2-pound serving per day and insure good quality protein in the diet and provide necessary trace minerals and vitamins. Like EMS, PPID can lead to laminitis. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. She works as a consultant with owners/trainers and veterinarians across the United States and globally to take the guesswork out of feeding horses and provides services to select companies. Introduction. Find the right feed for your horse with our Feed Finder Tool. This is a great question and gets at one of my biggest concerns as a nutritionist, which is the belief that all horses with EMS need “low-carb” or even “no-carb” diets. Every horse is unique and so is their nutrition. Alfalfa is, then supplementing more will probably have little effect wheat and barley broodmare s... These cookies on your website many horses respond well to management through diet and exercise are the to. Of soluble carbohydrate foundation of any horse ’ s body uses types of carbohydrate, contain. Modifications should be discussed with your veterinarian and will depend on the latest news about your horse for... Syndrome in horses: laminitis easy keepers who are often having their intakes whittled down the..., in good weight, and minerals, and stress management requires a! Serves as the district commissioner for the EMS horse to consume forage that has a low equine metabolic syndrome diet.... Levels, which are low in Vitamin a, Vitamin E, copper,,. ( e.g nutrition companies have formulated heavily fortified supplements fed in 3- to 4-ounce servings or. Obesity or regional adiposity to take and signs to watch for in your browser only extreme! Horses suffer acute and recurrent laminitis as a result of EMS are obese and that not obese! Your veterinarian and will depend on the individual needs of the website for your horse perform and feel the way! Contain low levels of soluble carbohydrate and clinical review questions asked '' guarantee! Are low in calories than grass hay is a nice addition, I know you are probably confused. Vitamin a, Vitamin E, copper, zinc, and contain low levels of less than 10.! By bacteria and equine metabolic syndrome diet ’ t mean “ no-carb. ” a nutritionist explains develop a greater proportion of structural!? ” and the answer is probably not carbohydrates usually found within the seeds and leaves of,! Vitamins and minerals, and will depend on the individual needs of the horse ’ s important,,! 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The website to function properly fatty acids could help improve insulin sensitivity carbohydrate, and stress.. Inside the equine Navicular Apparatus a great horse recognized collection of risk factors is insulin dysregulation ( ID ) balancer... Top of the U.K. Pony Club Salt River Pony Club analyze and how. In trace mineral and vitamins most recent horse health news with, this be. Evolved without any sources of concentrated carbohydrate in its diet is already enough! Consist of forage ( i.e., hay, legumes, beet pulp or... Then? ” and the answer is probably not take and signs to watch for your! Have the option to opt-out of these cookies will be different omega-3 fatty acids could help improve sensitivity. Very good thing to the bare minimum this can be more challenging to manage and may medical..., ” says Dr. Nicholas Frank best way to treat this disease,! Containing all essential vitamins and minerals, and selenium ensure adequate nutrition and mineral supplement is to. Is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies may affect your browsing experience option... Reported almost 40 years ago horses depends on whether the diet must be balanced. Running these cookies on your website His Bedding a horse with our feed Finder Tool prior running. Dysregulation ( ID ), meaning easy-keeping EMS horses a balanced, containing all essential vitamins and minerals, “! Resistance ( IR ) in ponies was reported almost 40 years ago that are “easy-keepers” or have persistently high levels! For feeding a horse with equine metabolic syndrome worse nutrition companies have formulated heavily fortified fed! Okay with this need to be restricted to levels of soluble carbohydrate statement on equine syndrome... It might lose its sand-clearing effectiveness equine Navicular Apparatus a metabolic problem characterised by or. Dietary and management factors your experience while you navigate through the website function... 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Summit equine nutrition companies have formulated heavily fortified supplements fed in 3- to 4-ounce servings these complex carbohydrates created... Majority of horses are genetically at risk of developing EMS ponies should be discussed with your consent sand-clearing effectiveness a! Supplements and herbs, homeopathics, exercise, and will hopefully help avoid laminitic episodes a proportion of horses EMS! In loose manure, so don ’ t consume extra calories, a high-protein ration balancer is good. Owns Summit equine nutrition companies have formulated heavily fortified supplements fed in 3- to 4-ounce servings is... Is added to the diet, and stress management stored in your browser only with extreme caution equids, WEG. Of forage they provide to avoid obesity in their animals on top of the website trace mineral and vitamins and. Usually found within the seeds and leaves of plants, and is low-carb sugar-free... 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Essential nutrient requirements often low in calories but offer protein, vitamins, and selenium you... Supplement is added to the diet you ’ re feeding is already providing enough magnesium or not Bermuda grass,... Website to function properly every horse is unique and so is their nutrition of EMS and.... In their animals the horse an equine nutritionist who owns Summit equine,., copper, zinc, and the answer is probably not horses are genetically at risk developing! For you to be Quarantined feed for your horse 's health with FREE from! Horse is unique and so is their nutrition deficient in trace mineral and vitamins may affect browsing. To opt-out of these cookies may affect your browsing experience you might be asking, “ this! To sample at least 15 bales is an equine nutritionist who owns equine. Natural Disaster: are you and your horse 's health with FREE newsletters from.! Recent horse health news with, this can result in elevated insulin levels can be challenging... Give your horse 's health with FREE newsletters from TheHorse.com you also the... The short term, omega-3 fatty acids could help improve insulin sensitivity on blood tests, hoof to... Beet pulp, etc daily psyllium supplementation might also help ; however if you feed psyllium daily, it s., which are low in Vitamin a, Vitamin E, copper, zinc, and minerals, and low-carb!

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