Next > Back to top. Not many are able to plumb into the depths of the community as she has. [2] It is believed by the Druze from interpretation of the epistles that Al-Hakim did not die, but merely withdrew into occultation and will return one day and reveal the Druze wisdom to the world in order to inaugurate a golden age. Most of the young Druze generation today suffers from an identity dilemma. Epistles 109 and 110 are dated latest, written by Al-Muqtana Baha'uddin in 1042 AD. Lifestyle and appearance of the Druze people have been a mystery to many. [1][2], The full Druze canon or Druze scripture includes the Old Testament, the New Testament, the Quran and philosophical works by Plato and those influenced by Socrates among works from other religions and philosophers. Pubblicato in Medioriente politico - Tag Al Aqsa, Druze, Haram al Sharif, Israel, jerusalem, Jerusalem without God, umm al fahm. The Druze holy book Epistles of Wisdom – page.47 “Elmithaq” (PDF). Sometimes they’re called the Zen Buddhists of the Middle East. Thus, their places of worship are usually very modest, and their religious figures (ajawīd) lead very modest lifestyles. Even though the faith originally developed out of Ismaili Islam, most Druze do not identify as Muslims, and they do not accept the five pillars of Islam. It appeared in the Levant during the reign of Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, (996 - 1021). Paris, Éditions de l'École des hautes études en sciences sociales, 2000, 427 p. The Druze are neither Muslim, Christian nor Jewish but have their own secret monotheistic religion. Despite a few holy sites which have become official gathering places for the Druze, the Druze generally spurn the concepts of ceremonies and rituals. The first epistle opens with the goodbye message from Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, the original teacher of the Druze. Keep in mind that only those who choose to dedicate themselves for a lifetime of religious studies are those who are taught about the religion. Other original manuscripts are held in the Robert Garrett collection at Princeton University. [18], Protect yourselves from ignorance with the help of the knowledge of the unity of our Lord...[19], With regards the unity of God and how to remain in a state of peace of mind and contentment (Rida (Arabic: رضا)) and find knowledge of true love, Hamza ibn Ali left us a message, I enjoin you to safeguard your fellow men. No initiated Druze has ever left the sect to confess the secrets and no anthropologist has ever successfully penetrated the community. The Druze faith is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion, and an ethnoreligious esoteric group originating from the Near East who self identify as unitarians (Arabic: موحدين ‎, romanized: muwaḥḥidīn). They believe that only in a long string of successive lives would a soul have sufficient opportunity to become responsible for his or her behavior. The Text, unrevealable to Druze non-believers or foreigners, is shrouded in a collective pact to ‘keep quiet’. They denounce materialism, especially materialism relative to religion. Heirs to Forgotten Kingdoms: Journeys Into the Disappearing Religions of the Middle East Gerard Russell. [citation needed] The Druze believe that members of their community can only be reincarnated within the community. By the way El-Mithaq can't be found in libraries and even if you find it you will not understand it because it is encoded and you need to be from the Uqqal in order to decode it. These layers, according to the Druze, are as follows: One of the Druze's holy books is called the "Hikma Book" or the "Book of Wisdom", largely compiled by a mysterious figure called al-Muqtana. Those who violate this rule can be killed or excommunicated. Converts are not accepted, and the Druze are forbidden to intermarry. Thus, their places of worship are usually very modest, and their religious figures ("Ajaweed") lead very modest lifestyles. For example, I have … This article explores the cultural dynamics of bond and separateness created around the Book of Wisdom (kitâb əl-ḥikma), the Druze Holy Book. Regular Druze know minimal about their religion - … The Druze don’t want any non-initiated Druze to read their holy books. A Syrian physician gave one of the first Druze manuscripts to Louis XIV in 1700, which is now kept in the Bibliothèque Nationale. The Druzes do not rec­og­nize any re­li­gious hi­er­ar­chy. Princeton University Press. Yezidi Holy Books Gregory K. Koon. One secret that slipped out in the 1970s is that they believe in reincarnation. In what he must have intended to be a provocation, he reproduced a page of what he claimed to be a Druze holy text, from the Princeton library, on the first page of his book. Eighteen are reasonably assumed to have been lost, hidden or destroyed. Or that's what my druze friend used to tell me in high school. Syria's Peasantry, the Descendants of Its Lesser Rural Notables, and Their Politics. Amsterdam, 1964), 1585 Ottoman expedition against the Druze. 6 The Druze Archives (DA) in the University of Haifa contains, in addition to his book on the Druze holy places, three other works on Druze affairs. Paperback. It is a way that leads to unbelief, atheism, and denial. With their choices, people could enhance or impair their next lives. Druze believe in many prophets and do not have a specific prophet. 26:13 Therefore now amend your ways and your doings, and obey the voice of the LORD your God; and the LORD will repent him of the evil that he hath pronounced against you. Answer to: What is the holy book of Druze? Epistle number six is dated earliest and was written in July 1017 AD by Hamza ibn-'Ali ibn-Ahmad and he is specifically mentioned as the author of thirty more epistles in the first two books. $7.99. They feel the scripture must be protected from “unfit” persons. As such, they fight in the Israeli army alongside Jews, which has given them a strained relationship with many Palestinians. In what he must have intended to be a provocation, he reproduced a page of what he claimed to be a Druze holy text, from the Princeton library, on the first page of his book. The 488 clerics walked 300 meters from the Israeli lines to a Syrian checkpoint at Quneitra, some 65 kilometers south of Damascus, where they received a warm welcome from waiting crowds. [4][5] The Epistles of Wisdom are also referred to as the Kitab al-Hikma (Book of Wisdom) and Al-Hikma al-Sharifa. The majority of the Druze lack this comfort. The most authoritative Druze religious text is the Kitab al-hikma (Book of Wisdom), a collection of 111 letters, some of them written by al-Hakim and Hamza. The primary scriptures of Christianity is the Bible. Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.Its adherents, known as Christians, believe that Jesus is the Christ, whose coming as the messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament, and chronicled in the New Testament. $7.99. One of the Druze's holy books is called the "Hikma Book" or the "Book of Wisdom", largely compiled by a mysterious figure called al-Muqtana. [2], The epistles contain philosophical discourses about Neoplatonic and Gnostic subjects, Ptolemaic cosmology, Arabic paraphrases of the philosophies of Farabi, Plotinus and Proclus, writings on the Universal Soul along with several polemic epistles concerning other faiths and philosophies that were present during that time and towards individuals who were considered renegades or those who tried to distort and tarnish the reputation of the faith and its teachings such as the "Answering the Nusayri" epistle and the fifth volume of the Epistles. Most of the young Druze generation today suffers from an identity dilemma. Christoph Heger. ^ Hanna Batatu (17 September 2012). 4.4 out of 5 stars 16. The Druze thus eliminated all elements of ritual and ceremony; there is no fixed daily liturgy, no defined holy days, and no pilgrimage obligations. In 2019, there were 143,000 Druze living in Israel, 1.6% of the total population of the country. This may not be what they believe anyway, but it’s what I found. Retrieved 18 March 2011. If not, they’ll learn the truth of God and life and, if they fail to adhere to those responsibilities, it’s worse than if they’d remained unenlightened. Also called the Druse, Duruz, Duroz, and the Tawhid faith, there are about 750,000-800,000 of them today, primarily in Syria, Lebanon, and Israel. [6], The Epistles of Wisdom were written in the Arabic language and contain one hundred and eleven epistles in total. These layers, according to the Druze, are as follows: The Druze claim that an understanding of these is necessary, but that their al-ʻUqqāl (عقال), ("the Knowledgeable Initiates") have access to writings of their own that supersede these. Regular Druze know minimal about their religion - Barely enough for them to practice anything. Examining the religious, political and legal issues, the authors show how the holy sites have been a focus of both conflict and cooperation between different communities. Libri / Books. The Druze believe that many teachings given by prophets, religious leaders and holy books have esoteric meanings preserved for those of intellect, in which some teachings are symbolic and allegorical in nature, and divide the understanding of holy books and teachings into three layers. They denounce materialism, especially materialism relative to religion. Druze meet on Thursday nights in simple buildings, the only furniture being small lecterns to … He virtually bound within it all the created beings, so that nothing might be outside of it. The Druze have frequently experienced persecution by different Muslim regimes such as the Shia Fatimid Caliphate, Mamluk, Sunni Ottoman Empire, and Egypt Eyalet. Druze have their own holy book which is the "Book of Wisdom". [1] According to oral traditions there were originally twenty-four books. She covers several topics in this book such as relations to the state,religion , customs and more. HAMAS; ... been for centuries at the root of most of the constantly recurring trouble between the various Christian rites at the Holy Sepulchre”. Their great similarity in language, food and outward signs of their culture to their Arab-Muslim surrounding is obvious. [3] The Druze claim that an understanding of these is necessary, but that their al-Ê»Uqqāl (عقال), ("the Knowledgeable Initiates") have access to writings of their own that supersede these. They denounce materialism, especially materialism relative to religion. $16.72. One can also just wander around the village to no specific place; walk through the narrow passageways that wind their way between old houses, prayer halls and holy sites, beside olive … Conférences de M. Daniel De Smet., Université Catholique de Louvain, p.149, 2008. Her book is very even handed and those who know nothing about the Druze will find this book to be both a light read and very informative. This book addresses the major generators of conflict and toleration at shared holy places in Palestine and Israel. Druze, small Middle Eastern religious sect characterized by an eclectic system of doctrines and by a cohesion and loyalty among its members (at times politically significant) that have enabled them to maintain for centuries their close-knit identity and distinctive faith. Religion in Lebanon ( ajawÄ « d ) lead very modest, and consequently need no special days fasting. Amazon.Com: the Druze don’t want any non-initiated Druze to read the holy books ‎, romanized: lubnān. Try to forget with many Palestinians modest, and denial slipped out in Bibliothèque. Denounce materialism, especially materialism relative to religion Journeys into the Disappearing Religions of the country own secret religion... 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